Artworks Catalogue

The altar of St Aloysius in the Cathedral of Graz (photo by Diocesan Museum Graz, 2014)
Angel (left), altar of St Aloysius, Cathedral Graz (photo by Diocesan Museum Graz, 2014)
Angel (right), altar of St Aloysius, Cathedral Graz (photo by Diocesan Museum Graz, 2014)
Putto on console (left), altar of St Aloysius, Cathedral Graz (photo by Diocesan Museum Graz, 2014)
Putto on entablature (right), altar of St Aloysius, Cathedral Graz (photo by Diocesan Museum Graz, 2014)
Cloudscape with winged putto-heads, altar of St Aloysius, Cathedral Graz (photo by Diocesan Museum Graz, 2014)

Location

Austria, Styria, Graz

Cathedral St Aegydius (Dom Hl Ägydius)

Innere Stadt

Artwork

The altar of St Aloysius in the Cathedral of Graz

Type

Side altar

Critical History

The side altar of St Aloysius was made by stonemason Joseph Schwath, while the sculptural decoration was created by Philipp Jakob Straub in 1745 (documentary mentioned).1 The high altarpiece depicting St Aloysius is flanked by two marble angels standing highly moved in classical contrapost. According to Horst Schweigert, these sculptures are attributable to Philipp Jakob Straub’s expressive middle period: The statues are more cabled and the standing motif is more unstable.2 Head and upper body are highly moved and leant towards the widely flared free leg. Due to bouffant drapery of the coat, effective silhouettes are caused.

In the upper zone, four putti are sitting/genuflecting; they are very vivacious and show bulging eyes, which are typical for Straub’s oeuvre. The altar is crowned by a triangular-shaped cloudscape with three winged putto-heads, which appear very spatial because of their staggered arrangement.

Construction / Execution

The stonework was done by Joseph Schwath, while the decorative metalwork was made by Andreas Steiger. The antependium is decorated with inlaid works made by Joseph Schwath.3

Components

Masonry
Author: Joseph Schwath
Completed: 1745
Patron(s): Josef Margschwentner, noble
Technique(s): stone carving
Material(s): parian marble
Sculpture
Author: Philipp Jakob Straub (Wiesensteig 1706 – Graz 1774)
Completed: 1745
Technique(s): stone carving
Material(s): marble

Comment

Straub received 8 fl 24 kr for his work on the altar of St Aloysius and for those of St John of Nepomuk; for his work on the angels and putti he got 700 fl.4

Images

  1. The altar of St Aloysius in the Cathedral of Graz (photo by Diocesan Museum Graz, 2014)
  2. Angel (left), altar of St Aloysius, Cathedral Graz (photo by Diocesan Museum Graz, 2014)
  3. Angel (right), altar of St Aloysius, Cathedral Graz (photo by Diocesan Museum Graz, 2014)
  4. Putto on console (left), altar of St Aloysius, Cathedral Graz (photo by Diocesan Museum Graz, 2014)
  5. Putto on entablature (right), altar of St Aloysius, Cathedral Graz (photo by Diocesan Museum Graz, 2014)
  6. Cloudscape with winged putto-heads, altar of St Aloysius, Cathedral Graz (photo by Diocesan Museum Graz, 2014)

Catalogue entry prepared by Christina Pichler and Dagmar Probst

Recommended citation: Christina Pichler and Dagmar Probst, The altar of St Aloysius in the Cathedral of Graz, in: TrArS – Tracing the Art of the Straub Family, 2018, (accessed 24/09/2021) URL

Sources and Bibliography

  1. Dehio. Die Kunstdenkmäler Österreichs. Graz, Wien, Verlag Anton Schroll & Co, 1979
  2. Rochus Kohlbach, Der Dom zu Graz. Die fünf Rechnungsbücher der Jesuiten, Graz, Grazer Domverlag, 1948
  3. Horst Schweigert, Philipp Jakob Straub (1706–1774). Ein Grazer Barockbildhauer, in: Studien zur Kunstgeschichte Steiermarks, Horst Schweigert (ed.), Kumberg, Sublilium Schaffer Verlag, 1992, 309–329

Notes

1 Dehio Graz, 1979, 20

2 Horst Schweigert, 2017, 319

3 Dehio Graz, 1979, 20

4 Rochus Kohlbach, 1948, 148