Artworks Catalogue

The side altar of St Francis Xavier in the Parish Church of St Peter in Malečnik (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)
The upper part of the side altar of St Francis Xavier in Malečnik (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)
The sculpture of St Apollonia (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)
The sculpture of St Lucy (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)

Location

Slovenia, Malečnik

Parish Church of St Peter (Župnijska cerkev sv. Petra)

Artwork

Side Altar of St Francis Xavier in the Parish Church of St Peter in Malečnik

Type

Side altar

Dimensions

Height: 340 cm, width: 190 cm, depth: 50 cm

Inscriptions

  1. SV. APOLONIA (on the base of the sculpture of St Apollonia)
  2. SV. LUCIA (on the base of the sculpture of St Lucy)
  3. Mili darovi za cerkev (on the new predella in front of the altar)

Critical History

In the Parish Church of St Peter in Malečnik there are six side altars placed in the side chapels, facing the entrance. Sergej Vrišer attributed two of them (the altars of St Francis Xavier and St Anthony of Padua) to Joseph Straub and all the others to Philipp Jakob Straub.1 Vrišer also wrote that according to the chronicle, the polychromy was done by Dominik Cocconi in 1746.2

The side altar of St Francis Xavier is placed in the last chapel on the right side of the church. The altar painting with the depiction of St Francis Xavier baptising a black man is usually attributed to a certain Gottieb Gessor, because of the signature which used to be on the painting, but is lost today.3

On the left side of the painting, there is a sculpture of St Apollonia, and on the right of St Lucy. Both sculptures have many similarities with the sculpture of St Lucy from Podlehnik. One should point out also the ornamentation of the altar – for example the wreaths of roses on the upper part of the altar painting – which is significant for Joseph Straub`s altars.

Construction / Execution

The altar is made of wood and is placed on the stone altar table. The sculptures and ornaments imitate gold. The clouds, attributes and some decoration parts on sculptures are imitating silver.

Components

Painting
Painting of St Francis Xavier
Technique(s): oil on canvas
Carpentry
Carpentry
Technique(s): sawing, wood carving
Material(s): softwood
Sculpture
Sculpture
Author: Joseph Straub (Wiesensteig 1712 – Maribor 1756)
Completed: 1746
Technique(s): wood carving
Material(s): limewood
Polychromy
Polychromy
Author: Dominicus Cagoni
Completed: 1746 –
Technique(s): oil, water gilding
Material(s): bole, calcium carbonate, gold leaf, natural resin, silver leaf, size
Polychromy
First repolychromy
Technique(s): oil
Material(s): oil
Polychromy
Second repolychromy
Technique(s): oil, oil gilding
Material(s): metal leaf, oil

Comment

The side altar has two repolychromies except for the sculptures of St Apollonia and St Lucy, which only have one thin layer of repolychromy. The original polychromy of the architecture imitates marble in brown-orange and grey-green shades. It is well preserved under the oil painting repolychromies. There is dirt on the saints' skin surface. The construction of the altar is in a stable condition. The limewood of the sculptures and ornaments is badly infested by wood-boring insects. There are some losses of ornamental carving. The ground is lifting, cracking and there are some paint losses. Some gilded parts are covered with metal leaves.

Images

  1. The side altar of St Francis Xavier in the Parish Church of St Peter in Malečnik (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)
  2. The upper part of the side altar of St Francis Xavier in Malečnik (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)
  3. The sculpture of St Apollonia (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)
  4. The sculpture of St Lucy (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)

Catalogue entry prepared by Valentina Pavlič and Saša Dolinšek

Recommended citation: Valentina Pavlič and Saša Dolinšek, Side Altar of St Francis Xavier in the Parish Church of St Peter in Malečnik, in: TrArS – Tracing the Art of the Straub Family, 2018, (accessed 14/08/2020) URL

Sources and Bibliography

  1. Sergej Vrišer, Mariborski baročni kiparji, in: Zbornik za umetnostno zgodovino, n. v. IV, 1957, 71–127
  2. Sergej Vrišer, Malečnik, Maribor, Obzorja, 1976
  3. Sergej Vrišer, Baročno kiparstvo na slovenskem Štajerskem, Maribor, Obzorja, 1963
  4. Sergej Vrišer, Baročno kiparstvo na slovenskem Štajerskem, Ljubljana, Slovenska matica, 1992
  5. Anica Cevc, Valentin Metzinger : [1699-1759: življenje in delo baročnega slikarja] : Narodna galerija, 21. december 2000 - 1. april 2001, Ljubljana, Narodna galerija, 2000

Notes

1 Sergej Vrišer, 1992, 236. Cf. Sergej Vrišer, 1963, 84, 149; Sergej Vrišer, 1976, 12. At first, Vrišer was reserved about the attribution.

2 Sergej Vrišer, 1957, 118; Sergej Vrišer, 1976, 12.

3 Sergej Vrišer, 1976, 13; Anica Cevc, 2000, 388 [A. Cevc suggested the attibution to Valentin Metzinger]; Barok na Slovenskem, 1961, 25–26.