Artworks Catalogue

The side altar of St John the Baptist in the Parish Church of St Peter in Malečnik (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)
The upper part of the side altar of St John the Baptist in Malečnik (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)
The sculpture of St John the Evangelist (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)
The sculpture of St Roch (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)
The sculpture of the Archangel Raphael (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)

Location

Slovenia, Malečnik

Parish Church of St Peter (Župnijska cerkev sv. Petra)

Artwork

Side Altar of St John the Baptist in the Parish Church of St Peter in Malečnik

Type

Side altar

Dimensions

Height: 320 cm, width: 190 cm, depth: 60 cm

Inscriptions

  1. Sv. Johanes Kr. prosi Boga za nas! (in the cartouche on the altar)

Critical History

In the Parish Church of St Peter in Malečnik there are six side altars placed in the side chapels facing the entrance. Sergej Vrišer attributed two of them (the altars of St Francis Xavier and St St Anthony of Padua) to Joseph Straub and all the others to Philipp Jakob Straub.1 Vrišer also wrote that according to the chronicle, the polychromy was done by Dominik Cocconi in 1746.2

The side altar of St John the Baptist is placed in the second chapel on the left side of the church. The author of the painting with a depiction of the Baptism of Christ is unknown. On the left side of the painting, there is a sculpture of St John the Evangelist, and on the right of St Roch. In front of the altar, there is a sculpture of the Archangel Raphael with Tobias. The elegance of the sculpture of the Archangel Raphael is similar to the elegance of the sculpture of the Archangel Michael from the opposite altar. On the other hand, the faces of St Roch and St John the Evangelist show significant characteristics of Philipp Jakob Straub’s personal style: long bony noses, thin lips, significant finger joints, rich drapery.

Construction / Execution

The altar is made of wood and placed on the stone altar table. The architecture imitates marble. The sculptures and ornaments imitate gold. The clouds and the Holly Ghost imitate silver.

Components

Carpentry
Carpentry
Technique(s): sawing, wood carving
Material(s): softwood
Sculpture
Sculpture
Author: Philipp Jakob Straub (Wiesensteig 1706 – Graz 1774)
Completed: 1746
Technique(s): wood carving
Material(s): limewood
Polychromy
Polychromy
Author: Dominicus Cagoni
Completed: 1746 –
Technique(s): oil, water gilding
Material(s): calcium carbonate, gold leaf, natural resin, red bole, silver leaf, size
Polychromy
First repolychromy
Technique(s): oil
Material(s): oil
Polychromy
Second repolychromy
Technique(s): oil, oil gilding
Material(s): metal leaf, oil

Comment

The side altar has two repolychromies. The original polychromy of the architecture imitate marble in brown-red and grey-blue shades. It is well preserved under the oil painting repolychromies. The construction of the altar is in a stable condition. There are some surface fissures on the sculptures. The limewood of the sculptures and ornaments is infested by wood-boring insects. The ground is lifting, cracking and there are some paint losses. Some gilded parts are covered with metal leaves.

Images

  1. The side altar of St John the Baptist in the Parish Church of St Peter in Malečnik (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)
  2. The upper part of the side altar of St John the Baptist in Malečnik (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)
  3. The sculpture of St John the Evangelist (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)
  4. The sculpture of St Roch (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)
  5. The sculpture of the Archangel Raphael (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)

Catalogue entry prepared by Valentina Pavlič and Saša Dolinšek

Recommended citation: Valentina Pavlič and Saša Dolinšek, Side Altar of St John the Baptist in the Parish Church of St Peter in Malečnik, in: TrArS – Tracing the Art of the Straub Family, 2018, (accessed 14/07/2020) URL

Sources and Bibliography

  1. Sergej Vrišer, Mariborski baročni kiparji, in: Zbornik za umetnostno zgodovino, n. v. IV, 1957, 71–127
  2. Sergej Vrišer, Baročno kiparstvo na slovenskem Štajerskem, Maribor, Obzorja, 1963
  3. Sergej Vrišer, Malečnik, Maribor, Obzorja, 1976
  4. Sergej Vrišer, Baročno kiparstvo na slovenskem Štajerskem, Ljubljana, Slovenska matica, 1992

Notes

1 Sergej Vrišer, 1992, 236. Cf. Sergej Vrišer, 1963, 84, 149; Sergej Vrišer, 1976, 12. At first, Vrišer was reserved about the attribution.

2 Sergej Vrišer, 1957, 118; Sergej Vrišer, 1976, 12.