Artworks Catalogue

The side altar of the Fourteen Holy Helpers in the Parish Church of St Peter in Malečnik (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)
The upper part of the side altar of the Fourteen Holy Helpers in Malečnik (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)
The sculpture of St Sebastian (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)
The sculpture of St Joseph (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)

Location

Slovenia, Malečnik

Parish Church of St Peter (Župnijska cerkev sv. Petra)

Artwork

Side Altar of the Fourteen Holy Helpers in the Parish Church of St Peter in Malečnik

Type

Side altar

Dimensions

Height: 330 cm, width: 196 cm, depth: 80 cm

Critical History

In the parish church of St Peter in Malečnik there are six side altars placed in the side chapels, facing the entrance. Sergej Vrišer attributed two of them (the altars of St Francis Xavier and St Anthony of Padua) to Joseph Straub and all the others to Philipp Jakob Straub.1 Vrišer also wrote that according to the chronicle, the polychromy was done by Dominik Cocconi in 1746.2 He published a transcription of a receipt from 1796 with the payment to a painter named Geringer and to the sculptor Joseph Holzinger for their works on the altars.3

The side altar of the Fourteen Holy Helpers is placed in the first chapel on the right side of the church. The painting with the depiction of the Fourteen Holy Helpers is painted by Franz Ignaz Flurer.4 On the left of the painting, there is a sculpture of St Sebastian, and on the right of St Joseph. Both sculptures show characteristics of Philipp Jakob Straub’s personal style: long, thin faces, long noses, big eyes, rich dresses and elegant postures. The sculpture of St Sebastian can be compared to the sculpture of the same saint kept in the storage of the Universalmuseum Joanneum, Alte Galerie and to the sculpture of the same saint in Budapest – both are attributed works of Philipp Jakob Straub.

Construction / Execution

The altar is made of wood. The first polychromy of the architecture is silvered with a layer of coloured varnish. The sculptures and ornaments imitate gold.

Components

Carpentry
Carpentry
Technique(s): sawing, wood carving
Material(s): softwood
Sculpture
Sculpture
Author: Philipp Jakob Straub (Wiesensteig 1706 – Graz 1774)
Completed: 1746
Technique(s): wood carving
Material(s): limewood
Polychromy
Polychromy
Author: Dominicus Cagoni
Completed: 1746 –
Technique(s): oil, water gilding
Material(s): bole, calcium carbonate, gold leaf, natural resin, silver leaf, size
Polychromy
First repolychromy
Technique(s): oil, oil gilding
Material(s): metal leaf, metallic pigment, oil

Comment

The side altar has one repolychromy. The original polychromy of the architecture was polished silver on red bole. Then a coating with coloured varnish was applied. Sculptures and ornaments imitate gold.

The construction of the altar is in stable condition. The limewood of the sculptures is badly infested by wood-boring insects. The ground is lifting, cracking, falling off and there are some paint losses. Some gilded parts are covered with metal leaves and bronze painting.

Images

  1. The side altar of the Fourteen Holy Helpers in the Parish Church of St Peter in Malečnik (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)
  2. The upper part of the side altar of the Fourteen Holy Helpers in Malečnik (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)
  3. The sculpture of St Sebastian (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)
  4. The sculpture of St Joseph (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)

Catalogue entry prepared by Valentina Pavlič and Saša Dolinšek

Recommended citation: Valentina Pavlič and Saša Dolinšek, Side Altar of the Fourteen Holy Helpers in the Parish Church of St Peter in Malečnik, in: TrArS – Tracing the Art of the Straub Family, 2018, (accessed 05/08/2020) URL

Sources and Bibliography

  1. Wilhelm Suida, Die Landesbildergalerie und Skulpturensammlung in Graz, Wien, Österr. Verlagsgesellschaft Ed. Hölzel & Co, 1923
  2. Sergej Vrišer, Mariborski baročni kiparji, in: Zbornik za umetnostno zgodovino, n. v. IV, 1957, 71–127
  3. Sergej Vrišer, Baročno kiparstvo na slovenskem Štajerskem, Maribor, Obzorja, 1963
  4. Sergej Vrišer, Malečnik, Maribor, Obzorja, 1976
  5. Sergej Vrišer, Baročno kiparstvo na slovenskem Štajerskem, Ljubljana, Slovenska matica, 1992
  6. Barbara Murovec, Teologija podobe: o treh Flurerjevih oltarnih slikah v cerkvi Sv. Petra v Malečniku, in: Acta historiae artis Slovenica, 17, št. 1, 2012, 57–74

Notes

1 Sergej Vrišer, 1992, 236. Cf. Sergej Vrišer, 1963, 84, 149; Sergej Vrišer, 1976, 12. At first, Vrišer was reserved about the attribution to Philipp Jakob Straub.

2 Sergej Vrišer, 1957, 118; Sergej Vrišer, 1976, 12.

3 Sergej Vrišer, 1963, 156: »…796 sind beygeschaft worden zwei Aufsazn bei den Frauen und 14 Nothelfer Altären, dafür bezahle dem Hr. Geringer Maller und Hr. Holzinger Bildhauer in Mahrburg ut Nota… 31 fl 53 kr.«

4 Wilhelm Suida, 1923, 114; Barbara Murovec, 2012, 65–72.