Artworks Catalogue

The side Altar of St Lucy in the Succursal Church of the Virgin Mary of the Assumption in Podlehnik (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)
The side Altar of St Lucy in Podlehnik, detail (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)
The sculpture of St Lucy (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)
The sculpture of St Lucy, detail (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)

Location

Slovenia, Podlehnik

Succursal Church of the Virgin Mary of the Assumption (Podružnična cerkev sv. Marije Vnebovzete)

Holy Trinity Parish, Haloze

Artwork

The side Altar of St Lucy in the Succursal Church of the Virgin Mary of the Assumption in Podlehnik

Type

Side altar

Dimensions

Height: 390 cm, width: 190 cm

Critical History

The side altar of St Lucy in the Succursal Church of the Virgin Mary of the Assumption in Podlehnik was mentioned as a documented work of Joseph Straub by Sergej Vrišer already in 1957.1 Latter, he added that the information about both altars (the altar of St Lucy and the altar of St Anthony of Padua) were made by Joseph Straub according to the chronicle, which is currently missing.2 Vrišer also pointed out that the church was under the direction of the minorite order and Joseph Straub worked for the minorites also in Ptuj and in Celje.3

In the central niche, there is a sculpture of St Lucy (she used to hold a plate with her eyes in her hands). On the left, there is a sculpture of St Isidore the Laborer and a sculpture of St Augustine on the right. In the upper part of the altar, there is a sculpture of St Apollonia (she used to hold a tongue with a tooth in her hands). According to the old descriptions of the altar, there were two angels on the sides of the attic and two groups of three angel heads above both female saints, but these are all lost today. The two wooden candlesticks, which used to be placed on the altar, are also missing.4 Both female saints (St Lucy and St Apollonia) share several similarities with other works by Joseph Straub, for example with the sculptures of St Anne and St Elisabeth from Studenci (documented works of Joseph Straub; today in Regional Museum Maribor). They all have similar hairstyles with hair bound at the back of the head, and a curly lock of hair at the side, big half-open and almond shaped eyes, round chin with a dimple in the middle, and, finally, rich dresses with significant creases.

Construction / Execution

The altar is made of wood. The back side of the altar is not seen because it is placed directly by the wall. The polychromy of the altar is imitating marble, ornaments are imitating gold. The sculptures are painted naturalistically and have gilded drapery and wings.

Components

Carpentry
Carpentry
Technique(s): sawing
Material(s): wood
Sculpture
Sculpture
Author: Joseph Straub (Wiesensteig 1712 – Maribor 1756)
Patron(s): minorite, religious order
Technique(s): wood carving
Material(s): limewood
Polychromy
Polychromy
Technique(s): oil, water gilding
Material(s): calcium carbonate, gold leaf, red bole, size

Comment

The carpentry is in good state. The sculptures and ornaments are in very bad condition and an urgent conservation is needed. The lime wood is badly infected by wood-boring insects and fungi. There are many insect boreholes visible on the surface of the sculptures. Some parts of sculptures are deteriorated or missing. The polyhcromy on the architecture of the altar is probably original. The sculptures were once overpainted. The polychromy is abraded, especially on the base of the altar. The ground layer on golden surfaces is chalking, cracking and is falling off.

Images

  1. The side Altar of St Lucy in the Succursal Church of the Virgin Mary of the Assumption in Podlehnik (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)
  2. The side Altar of St Lucy in Podlehnik, detail (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)
  3. The sculpture of St Lucy (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)
  4. The sculpture of St Lucy, detail (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)

Catalogue entry prepared by Valentina Pavlič and Saša Dolinšek

Recommended citation: Valentina Pavlič and Saša Dolinšek, The side Altar of St Lucy in the Succursal Church of the Virgin Mary of the Assumption in Podlehnik, in: TrArS – Tracing the Art of the Straub Family, 2018, (accessed 13/07/2020) URL

Sources and Bibliography

  1. Archiepiscopal Archives of Maribor, Vinko Munda, Zgodovinski opis župnije sv. Trojice v Malozah s podružnicami v Podlehniku, Sv. Duhu in Novi cerkvi, Sv. Trojica v Halozah, tipkopis. POPIS DXXIII – DXXVIII., 1957
  2. Sergej Vrišer, Mariborski baročni kiparji, in: Zbornik za umetnostno zgodovino, n. v. IV, 1957, 71–127
  3. Sergej Vrišer, Baročno kiparstvo na slovenskem Štajerskem, Maribor, Obzorja, 1963
  4. Sergej Vrišer, Baročno kiparstvo na slovenskem Štajerskem, Ljubljana, Slovenska matica, 1992

Notes

1 Sergej Vrišer, 1957, 90.

2 Sergej Vrišer, 1963, 168; Sergej Vrišer, 1992, 235.

3 Sergej Vrišer, 1957, 90; Sergej Vrišer, 1992, 133.

4 Vinko Munda, 1957, 23.