Artworks Catalogue

The right side altar of St Nicholas in Jarenina (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)
The sculptures of kneeling St Dominic and St Clare (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)

Location

Slovenia, Jarenina

Parish Church of Virgin Mary of the Assumption (Župnijska cerkev sv. Marije Vnebovzete)

Artwork

Right Side Altar of St Nicholas in the Parish Church of Virgin Mary of the Assumption in Jarenina

Type

Side altar

Dimensions

Height: 430 cm, width: 270 cm, depth: 120 cm

Critical History

Sergej Vrišer published a transcription from the history of Jareninski dvor and the Parish Church of Virgin Mary in Jarenina, saying that in 1755 two side altars of St Lawrence and St Nicholas were made by a sculptor from Maribor.1 Vrišer therefore suggested Joseph Straub as the author of the altars, also because of the stylistic characteristics of the sculptures.1

In the central niche, there is a sculpture of St Nicholas holding a book with three golden spheres in his right hand, while the gesture of the left hand suggests that he used to hold a crosier in it. On both sides, there are two sculptures of unknown saints dressed as bishops. The sculptures of the saints show several similarities of Joseph Straub personal style: the faces and curly hair, long curly beards, creases of the drapery. The wreaths of roses and the rocaille are also significant for Joseph Straub`s altars. There are also two kneeling sculptures (St Dominic and St Clare) on the altar`s table that can also be attributed to Joseph Straub. In the upper part of the altar, there are two putti siting on the volutes, and seven angel heads in the central part – but none of them seem to have the characteristics of Joseph Straub.

Construction / Execution

The side altar is placed by the wall in the corner between the apse and the side chapel. The altar is made of wood and is placed on the stone altar table.

Components

Carpentry
Carpentry
Technique(s): sawing, wood carving
Material(s): softwood
Sculpture
Sculpture
Author: Joseph Straub (Wiesensteig 1712 – Maribor 1756)
Completed: 1755
Technique(s): wood carving
Material(s): limewood
Polychromy
Polychromy
Technique(s): oil, water gilding
Material(s): gold leaf, red bole, yellow bole
Polychromy
First repolychromy
Technique(s): oil, water gilding
Material(s): calcium carbonate, gold leaf, oil, size
Polychromy
Second repolychromy
Technique(s): oil, oil gilding
Material(s): gold leaf, metal leaf, silver leaf

Comment

The side altar has three layers of painting. All three polychromies of the architecture imitate marble, while ornaments, angel wings and drapery imitate gold. The original polychromy of the altar architecture imitates marble in blue, orange and brown shades. Ornamentation work, sculpture´s drapery and angel wings imitates gold.

Wooden carrier of sculptures and ornamentation is badly damaged by wood-boring insects and fungi. Cracks and insect boreholes are visible. The ground is cracking, lifting and peeling off. There are some losses of ornamentation work. We can assume that during the past renovation some changes in composition on the attic were done. There is a lot of oil gilding with metal leaves on the drapery and the clouds.

Images

  1. The right side altar of St Nicholas in Jarenina (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)
  2. The sculptures of kneeling St Dominic and St Clare (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)

Catalogue entry prepared by Valentina Pavlič and Saša Dolinšek

Recommended citation: Valentina Pavlič and Saša Dolinšek, Right Side Altar of St Nicholas in the Parish Church of Virgin Mary of the Assumption in Jarenina, in: TrArS – Tracing the Art of the Straub Family, 2018, (accessed 13/07/2020) URL

Sources and Bibliography

  1. J. Wichner, Beiträge zur Geschichte des Gutes Jahringhof und der dortigen Pfarre St. Maria (manuscprit), 1889
  2. Sergej Vrišer, Mariborski baročni kiparji, in: Zbornik za umetnostno zgodovino, n. v. IV, 1957, 71–127
  3. Sergej Vrišer, Baročno kiparstvo na slovenskem Štajerskem, Maribor, Obzorja, 1963
  4. Sergej Vrišer, Baročno kiparstvo na slovenskem Štajerskem, Ljubljana, Slovenska matica, 1992

Notes

1 J. Wichner, 1889, 68: »In der Pfarrkirche wurden 1755 zwei Seitenaltäre zu Ehren dem Hl. Lorenz und Nicolaus errichtet, an welchen ein Bildhauer aus Marburg seine Kunstfertigkeit bethätigte…« First transcription in Sergej Vrišer, 1957, 94. The manuscript is currently missing.

2 Sergej Vrišer, 1957, 94; Sergej Vrišer, 1963, 168; Sergej Vrišer, 1992, 235.