Artworks Catalogue

The side altar of St Peter and St Sebastian in Makole (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)
The sculpture of St Charles Borromeo (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)
The sculpture of St Roch (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)
The altar painting with St Peter and St Sebastian (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)
The side altar of St Peter and St Sebastian in Makole, before the restoration works (photo by Valentina Pavlič, 2016)
The sculpture of St Roch, before the restoration works (photo by Valentina Pavlič, 2016)

Location

Slovenia, Makole

Parish Church of St Andrew (Župnijska cerkev sv. Andreja)

Artwork

The side altar of St Peter and St Sebastian in the Parish Church of St Andrew in Makole

Type

Side altar

Dimensions

Height: 469 cm, width: 305 cm, depth: 100 cm

Critical History

The side altar of St Peter and St Sebastian was mentioned for the first time in the visitation record of the parish church of St Andrew from July 9, 1756.1 The chapel and the side altar of St Sebastian (and St Peter) were also described in the inventory from 1900.2 The altar was attributed to Joseph Straub by Sergej Vrišer.3 In the centre of the altar there is an altar painting with St Peter and St Sebastian. To the left of the painting, there is the statue of St Charles Borromeo in a cardinal dress and a rope around his neck and to the right side the statue of St Roch with a dog beside his legs. In the upper part there is the figure of God the Father, surrounded with angels and angel heads. He has significant characteristics and dynamic posture, which can be well compared with other sculptures of God the Father of Joseph Straub (St Mary`s altar in Selnica ob Dravi, the high altar in St Joseph church in Slovenska Bistrica).

Construction / Execution

The side altar is made of wood. It is placed close to the wall. Polychromy of architecture imitates marble, ornamentation imitates gold. The marbling consists of blue and brown shades. Sculptures are naturalistically painted, the drapery and wings are gilded. The two pillars have blue marbling on silvered surface.

Components

Carpentry
Carpentry
Technique(s): sawing, wood carving
Material(s): softwood
Sculpture
Sculpture
Author: Joseph Straub (Wiesensteig 1712 – Maribor 1756)
Technique(s): wood carving
Material(s): limewood
Polychromy
Polychromy
Technique(s): oil, water gilding
Material(s): gold leaf, oil, silver leaf

Conservation-restoration

Restoration of the altar

Strategy: removing dirt, removing one or several historic repolychromies

Approach to the presentation of losses

Reintegration of lacunae – mimetic: total

Reintegration of losses – other: total

Materials: acetone, beeswax, Bologna chalk, dammar varnish, gold leaf, gold powder, limewood, Paraloid B-72, red bole, shellack, silver leaf, size, turpentine oil, wood powder

Treatment Description

Repolychromy was only partially removed because of possible loss of original polychromy. The original gilding was preserved. The losses were reconstructed. The restoration works were done by Jasna Radšel and Aleksander Šiles.

Images

  1. The side altar of St Peter and St Sebastian in Makole (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)
  2. The sculpture of St Charles Borromeo (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)
  3. The sculpture of St Roch (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)
  4. The altar painting with St Peter and St Sebastian (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2018)
  5. The side altar of St Peter and St Sebastian in Makole, before the restoration works (photo by Valentina Pavlič, 2016)
  6. The sculpture of St Roch, before the restoration works (photo by Valentina Pavlič, 2016)

Catalogue entry prepared by Valentina Pavlič and Saša Dolinšek

Recommended citation: Valentina Pavlič and Saša Dolinšek, The side altar of St Peter and St Sebastian in the Parish Church of St Andrew in Makole, in: TrArS – Tracing the Art of the Straub Family, 2018, (accessed 13/07/2020) URL

Sources and Bibliography

  1. Archiepiscopal Archives of Maribor, Slovenska Bistrica 19. stoletje
  2. Sergej Vrišer, Baročno kiparstvo na slovenskem Štajerskem, Maribor, Obzorja, 1963
  3. Anton Ožinger, Vizitacijski zapisniki savinjskega arhidiakonata goriške nadškofije 1751–1773 = Atti delle visite pastorali nell‘arcidiaconato di valle Saunia della arcidiocesi di Gorizia 1751–1773 = Die Berichte der Pastoralvisitationen im Archidiakonat Saunien der Erzdiözese Görz 1751–1773, Ljubljana, Arhiv Republike Slovenije; Inštitut za zgodovino Cerkve Teološke fakultete ; Znanstveni inštitut Filozofske fakultete, 1991
  4. Sergej Vrišer, Baročno kiparstvo na slovenskem Štajerskem, Ljubljana, Slovenska matica, 1992

Notes

1 Anton Ožinger, 1991, 326–327: "Ecclesia vicarialis sancti Andreae. Die itaque 9 iulii visitata fuit ecclesia vicarialis sancti Andreae apostoli. Non est consecrata. Altaria sunt quatuor, maius sancti Andreae apostoli, alterum Beatae Mariae Virginis ubi, novum antipendium faciendum, ac pulvinaria magis implenda sunt, tertium est sanctorum Petri et Sebastiani, quartum sanctae Familiae Jesu Mariae Joseph, ubi aliae tabulae canonicae procurandae sunt."

2 Archiepiscopal Archives of Maribor, Slovenska Bistrica 19. stoletje. It reads that the chapel was probably build between 1670 and 1700, but more attention was given to the painting. The sculptures were only named.

3 Sergej Vrišer, 1963, 169; Sergej Vrišer, 1992, 236