Artworks Catalogue

The high altar of the Parish church in Štanjel (Institute for the Protection of cultural heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2017)
The statue of St Joseph (Institute for the Protection of cultural heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2017)
The statue of St John of Nepomuk, detail (Institute for the Protection of cultural heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2017)
The statue of St John of Nepomuk (Institute for the Protection of cultural heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2017)

Location

Slovenia, Štanjel

Parish Church of St Daniel (Župnijska cerkev sv. Danijela)

Parish St Daniel

Artwork

Two sculptures on the high altar of the Parish church in Štanjel

Type

Sculpture

Dimensions

Height: 127 cm, width: 69 cm

Inscriptions

  1. IOSE. STRAVP INVENTOR SCVLP. ANNO 1741 (on the base of the sculpture of St John of Nepomuk)

Critical History

The statue of St John of Nepomuk is a documented work of Joseph Straub from 1741, regarding the inscription on the base of the sculpture (Ins. 1). The sculptures were published for the first time by Sergej Vrišer.1 The statue of St John of Nepomuk is placed on the very right side of the main altar and is significantly similar to the statue of St Joseph on the very left side. Two statues of the Church Fathers – St Augustine and St Gregory, which are placed beside the marble tabernacle are not by the same sculptor. Apparently, all four statues were brought here from some other place.

Construction / Execution

Posterior side of sculptures was hollowed out using a rough tool. Traces of chisel were partially smoothened. Some wood joints can be seen on each sculpture.

Components

Sculpture
St John of Nepomuk and St Joseph
Author: Joseph Straub (Wiesensteig 1712 – Maribor 1756)
Completed: 1741 –
Technique(s): wood carving
Material(s): limewood
Polychromy
St John of Nepomuk and St Joseph
Technique(s): oil, water gilding
Material(s): Bologna chalk, calcium carbonate, drying oil, gold leaf, lead white, litophone, red bole, shellack, sienna, vermillion
Polychromy
First repolychromy
Technique(s): polished white
Material(s): lime, white bole
Polychromy
Second and third repolychromy
Technique(s): oil
Material(s): oil, titan white

Comment

The first polychromy contains coloured parts in combination with polished gold.
First repolychromy was probably made when statues were moved to marble altar in St Daniel’s church in Štanjel and is made in polished white technique. All the other repolychromies were made by thick application of oil paint.

Images

  1. The high altar of the Parish church in Štanjel (Institute for the Protection of cultural heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2017)
  2. The statue of St Joseph (Institute for the Protection of cultural heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2017)
  3. The statue of St John of Nepomuk, detail (Institute for the Protection of cultural heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2017)
  4. The statue of St John of Nepomuk (Institute for the Protection of cultural heritage of Slovenia, photo by Valentin Benedik, 2017)

Catalogue entry prepared by Valentina Pavlič and Saša Dolinšek

Recommended citation: Valentina Pavlič and Saša Dolinšek, Two sculptures on the high altar of the Parish church in Štanjel, in: TrArS – Tracing the Art of the Straub Family, 2018, (accessed 14/07/2020) URL

Sources and Bibliography

  1. Sergej Vrišer, Mariborski baročni kiparji, in: Zbornik za umetnostno zgodovino, n. v. IV, 1957, 71–127
  2. Sergej Vrišer, Baročno kiparstvo na slovenskem Štajerskem, Maribor, Obzorja, 1963
  3. Sergej Vrišer, Baročno kiparstvo na Primorskem, 1983
  4. Sergej Vrišer, Baročno kiparstvo na slovenskem Štajerskem, Ljubljana, Slovenska matica, 1992

Notes

1 Sergej Vrišer, 1957, 85; Sergej Vrišer, 1963, 168; Sergej Vrišer, 1983, 145; Sergej Vrišer, 1992, 235