Artworks Catalogue

Highaltar of St Georg in branchchurch St Georg, Bichl photo Bavarian State Department of Monuments and Sites Michael Forstner 05.2017
Highaltar of St Georg in branchchurch St Georg, Bichl photo Bavarian State Department of Monuments and Sites Michael Forstner 05.2017

Location

Germany, Bavaria, Bichl

Curacy church St Georg (Kuratiekirche St Georg)

Catholic parish Benediktbeuern

Artwork

The high altar of St Georg in St Georg, Bichl

Type

High altar

Inscriptions

  1. Ste. George intercede pro nobis (on the wall on a redbrown plasterlayer)

Critical History

St Georg was built in 1751/52 by the architect Johann Michael Fischer. Fischer was hired by the monastery of Benediktbeuern which is situated in a short distance to Bichl. Straub was payed with 300fl for the altar in 1752.1 The painter and gilder Joseph Geiger received 180fl for the painting the altar. Lippert documents the altar under no 59.2 A drawing of the altar exists in the Artbibliary of State Museums in Berlin (HdZ 6847) and in Salzburg (Landesmuseum, see database no. 3186). The drawing also shows one half of the horizontal projection. The altar is attached to the wall of the church. The threedimensional and very vivid of St Georg riding on a horse while fighting against the fire spitting dragon which is lying between the legs of the horse is the fascinating center of the altar. The architecture and the setting behind with a painted landscape on wooden boards forms a decorativ setting.

Construction / Execution

Architecture and sculptures are made by wood. The painting layer is executed polychrome.

Components

Carpentry
The high altar of St Georg, Bichl
Completed: 1752
Technique(s): sawing, wood carving
Painting
The high altar of St Georg, Bichl
Completed: 1752
Sculpture
The high altar of St Georg, Bichl
Author: Johann Baptist Straub (Wiesensteig ca. 1704 – Munich 1784)
Technique(s): wood carving
Polychromy
The high altar of St Georg, Bichl
Completed: 1752

Comment

In 1979 the high altar was examined and restored by the restorers of the Bavarian State Office for Monument Preservation. The altar will be examined within the project in March 2019

Conservation-restoration

1864

Approach to the presentation of losses

Repolychroming: total

Treatment Description

Overpainting of the 3 altars and pulpit. The sculpture of St Georg was put in a higher position and closer to the painted wooden background.

1934

Approach to the presentation of losses

Repolychroming: total

Treatment Description

Overpainting of the altars without the sculpture of St Georg.

1979

Strategy: removing one or several historic repolychromies

Treatment Description

The examination and restoration was executed by the employees of the Bavarian State Office for Monument Preservation.

2013

Strategy: preserving one or several repolychromies

Images

  1. Highaltar of St Georg in branchchurch St Georg, Bichl photo Bavarian State Department of Monuments and Sites Michael Forstner 05.2017
  2. Highaltar of St Georg in branchchurch St Georg, Bichl photo Bavarian State Department of Monuments and Sites Michael Forstner 05.2017

Catalogue entry prepared by Rupert Karbacher

Recommended citation: Rupert Karbacher, The high altar of St Georg in St Georg, Bichl, in: TrArS – Tracing the Art of the Straub Family, 2018, (accessed 18/01/2019) URL

Sources and Bibliography

  1. Johann Caspar Lippert, Kurzgefaßte Nachricht von dem churbaierischen ersten Hofbildhauer Herrn Johannes Straub, in: Augsburgisches monatliches Kunstblatt. Kunstzeitung der kaiserlichen Akademie zu Augsburg, 1772, 53–64
  2. Carola Giedion-Welcker, Bayerische Rokokoplastik, J. B. Straub und seine Stellung in Landschaft und Zeit, München, O. C. Recht Verlag, 1922
  3. Peter Steiner, Johann Baptist Straub (Münchner kunsthistorische Abhandlungen, VI), München und Zürich, Verlag Schnell & Steiner, 1974
  4. Peter Volk, Johann Baptist Straub 1704–1784, München, Hirmer Verlag, 1984
  5. Fritz Buchenrieder, Restaurierungsprobleme bei Straub Altären in Reisach und Bichl, in: Jahrbuch der Bayerischen Denkmalpflege, 57, 1983, 143–165

Notes

1 Peter Volk 1984 p. 185

2 Johann Caspar Lippert 1772 no 59 p. 62