Artworks Catalogue

The side altar St Wendelin in the parish- and former monastery church St Alto and St Birgitta, Altomünster, photo Bavarian Stte Department of Monuments and Sites Michael Forstner 07.2017

Location

Germany, Bavaria, Altomünster

The parish- and former monastery church St Alto and St Birgitta, Altomünster (Ehem. Kloster- und Pfarrkirche St. Alto und St. Birgitta- )

Parish St Alto and St Birgitta

Artwork

The side altar St Wendelin in the parish- and former monastery church St Alto and St Birgitta in Altomünster

Type

Side altar

Dimensions

Height: 615 cm, width: 277 cm

Critical History

J. M. Fischer began in 1763 with the construction measures of the church building. After his dead (1766) his foreman Balthasar Trischberger continued Fischers work until 1771. C. Lippert registers under no. 61 in 1772 "six altars with nine large statues, genious and further sculptural decoration." 1 Volk is presuming that 12 apostel sculptures and the 2 sculptures of St Dominikus and St Cathrin of Siena are made by J. B. Straub. The church is equipped with 9 altars. In total Straub receives 2.120fl (Volk says 1.400fl): 20.11.1765, 300fl (advance payment for the highaltar), September 1766, 500fl (altars in the eastern choir), Januar 1767, 300fl (for altars), in October 200fl, in November 100fl (altar in the main choir) im October 1768, 100fl, in January 1769, 260fl and in November 360fl (St Alto- and St Augustinus altar, for each 360fl). The cooperation with the carpenter Johann Mentele, Rain and the painter and "Fassmaler" Ignaz Baldauf, Inchenhofen is documented. The towel paintings of the 3 main altars can be lowered mechanically to present the sceletons of catacomb saints. The design for the 2 main altars left and right of the St Salvator altar dedicated to St Birgitta (towel painting "Christmas vision of St Birgitta by Joseph Mages, 1767) and to St Cathrin of Sweden (towel painting „St Birgitta honouring St Immaculata", 1767) has made J.B. Straub but J. Mentele has executed the work. 2
The following altars are made by J. B. Straub and his work shop:
high altar „St. Salvator“, painting of "St. Salvator" by Ignaz Baldauf (1767), 2 standing sculptures St Peter and Paul
lower high altar (1883 removed), sculptures of St Cathrin of Siena and St Domenicus now presented in the Bavarian National Museum (Inv.-no. 23/139 und 138)
sowie folgende Seitenaltäre:
The side altar dedicated to "St Wendelin", is equipped with a painting by J. Mages and 2 standing sculptures St Bartholomew and St Thomas by J. B. Straub. The altar is forming a pair with the side altar dedicated to the "Saint Family." The author of the painting "Saint Family" is again Joseph Mages, 1768. The 2 standing sculptures of St Andreas and St Mathew are carved by J. B. Straub and his work shop.
"St Augustin" with relief sculpture of St Augustin and 2 standing sculptures St Philipp and St Jacob the Younger
"St Alto" with relief sculpture of St Alto and 2 standing sculptures St Simon and St Judas Thaddäus.
The sculptures of St John and St Jacob the Elder are standing at both ends of the choir.

Sources: Documentation of the Archival Documents, M. Hildebrandt, Sabine John, Manfred Feuchtner, Stefan Nadler, 02.1998, Department ZIII, Documentation,Bavarian State Department of Monuments and Sites (BLfD)

Construction / Execution

The construction of the altar is made by wood and has a polychrome painting layer (marbling). The sculptures are carved by wood and painted with a monochrome white layer and gilded details.

Components

Carpentry
The side altar St Wendelin in the parish- and former monastery church St Alto and St Birgitta, Altomünster
Author: Johann Mentele
Completed: 1765 – 1769
Technique(s): sawing, wood carving
Material(s): wood
Sculpture
The side altar St Wendelin in the parish- and former monastery church St Alto and St Birgitta, Altomünster
Author: Johann Baptist Straub (Wiesensteig ca. 1704 – Munich 1784)
Completed: 1765 – 1769
Technique(s): sawing, wood carving
Material(s): wood
Polychromy
The side altar St Wendelin in the parish- and former monastery church St Alto and St Birgitta, Altomünster
Author: Fortunat Strasser
Completed: 1765 – 1770

Comment

In the chronicle of the monastery in a document of 1770 Fr. Fortunat Strasser is mentioned for his careful and diligent work on the polychromy of the altars.

Conservation-restoration

1871

Treatment Description

Renovation by Ludwig Hack, Dorfen

1883

Treatment Description

The lower high altar was removed, the sculptures of St Cathrin of Siena and St Domenicus are now presented in the Bavarian National Museum (Inv.-no. 23/139 und 138). See order 3136.

1907

Treatment Description

Renovation by Ludwig Ametsberger

1928

Strategy: removing one or several historic repolychromies

Treatment Description

Restoration by Mayerhofer&Ostenrieder: removing 19th century overpainting, removing the white 18th century polychromy of the sculptures and also of the 2 relief sculptures St Alto and St Augustinus. Reconstruction of the 18th century polychromy.

2000

Treatment Description

Consolidation of wood and polychromy. Uncovering of the 18th century polychromy, reintegration of lacunae, retouching, partially reconstruction of the 18th century polychromy.

Images

  1. The side altar St Wendelin in the parish- and former monastery church St Alto and St Birgitta, Altomünster, photo Bavarian Stte Department of Monuments and Sites Michael Forstner 07.2017

Catalogue entry prepared by Rupert Karbacher

Recommended citation: Rupert Karbacher, The side altar St Wendelin in the parish- and former monastery church St Alto and St Birgitta in Altomünster, in: TrArS – Tracing the Art of the Straub Family, 2018, (accessed 24/04/2019) URL

Sources and Bibliography

  1. Johann Caspar Lippert, Kurzgefaßte Nachricht von dem churbaierischen ersten Hofbildhauer Herrn Johannes Straub, in: Augsburgisches monatliches Kunstblatt. Kunstzeitung der kaiserlichen Akademie zu Augsburg, 1772, Nr. 54f
  2. Carola Giedion-Welcker, Bayerische Rokokoplastik, J. B. Straub und seine Stellung in Landschaft und Zeit, München, O. C. Recht Verlag, 1922
  3. Peter Steiner, Johann Baptist Straub (Münchner kunsthistorische Abhandlungen, VI), München und Zürich, Verlag Schnell & Steiner, 1974
  4. Peter Volk, Johann Baptist Straub 1704–1784 , München, Hirmer Verlag, 1984, 184

Notes

1 Caspar Lippert 1772, p. 62

2 Peter Volk 1984, p. 183-184