Artworks Catalogue

The large Holy Cross side altar in the monastery church St Dionys and St Juliana, Schäftlarn, photo Bavarian State Department of Monuments and Sites Michel Forstner 07.2017

Location

Germany, Bavaria, Schäftlarn

monastery church St Dionys and Juliana, Schäftlarn (Klosterkirche St. Dionys und St Juliana)

Monastery of the Benedictins Schäftlarn

Artwork

The large Holy Cross side altar in the the monastery church St Dionys and St Juliana in Schäftlarn

Type

Side altar

Dimensions

Height: 1090 cm, width: 520 cm

Critical History

There are four small side altars and two large side altars. These are the Rosary- or Ladies altar and the the Holy Cross altar.

The Holy Cross altar is equipped with the towel painting of B. A. Albrecht showing the Jesus Christ on the cross. The sculptures of St Longinus and the good Thief are standing on both sides of the painting. The glass shrine with the relique of St Adrianus is presented above the mensa. 1

Construction / Execution

The architecture of the altars is made by wood and has a polychrome layer(marbling).

Components

Carpentry
The large Holy Cross side altar in the the monastery church St Dionys and St Juliana, Schäftlarn
Completed: 1756 – 1765
Technique(s): sawing, wood carving
Material(s): wood
Sculpture
The large Holy Cross side altar in the the monastery church St Dionys and St Juliana, Schäftlarn
Author: Johann Baptist Straub (Wiesensteig ca. 1704 – Munich 1784)
Completed: 1756 – 1765
Technique(s): wood carving
Material(s): wood
Polychromy
The large Holy Cross side altar in the the monastery church St Dionys and St Juliana, Schäftlarn
Author: Aloys Thurner
Completed: 1776 – 1780
Technique(s): oily tempera, polished white, water gilding
Material(s): gold leaf, lead white

Conservation-restoration

1880

Approach to the presentation of losses

Repolychroming: partial

Treatment Description

In 1880 "Johan Georg Huber" overpainted the architecture. The white monochrome painting layer of the sculptures was overpainted white and polished. The gilded areas were kept.

1924

Treatment Description

In 1924 the Radspieler company Munich repaired small areas.

1954

Strategy: removing one or several historic repolychromies, removing varnish

Treatment Description

In 1954 the marbling of 1880 on the architecture was removed together with the original lacquer. The poliment gilding of the large side altars was partially replaced by a new one. The sculptures were overpainted with a monochrome white layer and polished. On the original marbling a new varnish (resin) and wax were applied.

2008

Treatment Description

From 2008 -2010 the Fromm company, Parsberg restored the complete polychromed equipment. The concept was to preserve as far as possible the historical condition. The painting layers were consolidated, the surface was cleaned, inconvenient overpaintings were removed. Some areas in a shorter distance to the spectator were overpainted (e. g. polished white). In some areas the wood had to be consolidated. Lackings were filled and retouched. The original lacquer on the marbling was reconstructed.

Images

  1. The large Holy Cross side altar in the monastery church St Dionys and St Juliana, Schäftlarn, photo Bavarian State Department of Monuments and Sites Michel Forstner 07.2017

Catalogue entry prepared by Rupert Karbacher

Recommended citation: Rupert Karbacher, The large Holy Cross side altar in the the monastery church St Dionys and St Juliana in Schäftlarn , in: TrArS – Tracing the Art of the Straub Family, 2018, (accessed 24/08/2019) URL

Sources and Bibliography

  1. Johann Caspar Lippert, Kurzgefaßte Nachricht von dem churbaierischen ersten Hofbildhauer Herrn Johannes Straub, in: Augsburgisches monatliches Kunstblatt. Kunstzeitung der kaiserlichen Akademie zu Augsburg, 1772, Nr. 54f
  2. Norbert Lieb, Johann Baptist Straub, in: Allgemeines Lexikon der Bildenden Künstler von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart, 32, Ulrich Thieme, Felix Becker, Hans Vollmer (ed.), Leipzig, 1938, 162–167
  3. Peter Steiner, Johann Baptist Straub (Münchner kunsthistorische Abhandlungen, VI), München und Zürich, Verlag Schnell & Steiner, 1974
  4. Peter Volk, Johann Baptist Straub 1704–1784, München, Hirmer Verlag, 1984
  5. Roland Götz, Leib und Seele, catalogue for the exhibition in Kunsthalle der Hypo-Kulturstiftung, München, Sieveking, 2014

Notes

1 Caspar Lippert 1772, p. 62

2 Peter Volk 1984, p. 202