Artworks Catalogue

The Diana-Sledge in the stables Museum of the Nymphenburg Palace., Munich, photo Jens Bruchhaus 09.2014

Location

Germany, Bavaria, Munich

Nymphenburg Castle Marstall-Museum (Schloss Nymphenburg, Marstall Museum)

Artwork

The Diana-Sledge in the Stables Museum of Nymphenburg Palace, Munich

Type

Sculptural decoration

Dimensions

Height: 252 cm, width: 194 cm

Critical History

Johann Caspar Lippert is contributing in 1772 under no. 4 of J. B. Straubs most important works : "all Parade-Sledges and Parade-Carriages" for Nymphenburg Palace to. 1 By archival documents we only know that Straub had to make a model for a carriage twice and that he was payed 30fl for the models the 20th of April 1730. 2 The Hunting sleigh with Diana was sculptured around 1740 perhaps for the Archduchess Amalia Maria (1701-1756), wife of Karl Albrecht of Bavaria (1697-1745). At the front of the seat hunting goddess Diana poses (perhaps because of her lost attributes quiver with arrows and bow) while the putto on top of the runners apex is blowing his horn. The seat and frame are all over decorated with ornaments, arms for the chase, lion heads and hunting trophies. The sleigh was used for races for festivities of the court or for carneval. 3
The inventory number is. WAF B 3.

Construction / Execution

The frame and seat with figures, ornaments and polychromy are designed as a whole. In 1826 the frame was fitted with a pole and splinter bar to be drawn by a pair of horses. Until then the sleigh had been drawn by one horse between two shafts. The sleigh consists of different types of wood and metal. Further materials are leather, textiles, upholstery, bearskin, modeling paste.
1. Frame:
materials: beech wood, ash/elm, wrought iron, leather
techniques: body-making, wood carving
polychromy: blue lacquer, oil gilding and red glaze
2. Seat and apex sculpture
Materials: limewood, conifer, metal
Techniques: wood carving
Polychromy: oil paint, oil gilding and silvering, glazes of different colours.

Informations by Dipl. Rest. Hella Huber, restorationworkshop of the Bavarian Department of State-owned Palaces, Gardens and Lakes.

Components

Carpentry
The Diana-Sledge in the Stables Museum of Nymphenburg Palace, Munich
Completed: 1740
Technique(s): sawing
Material(s): wood
Whrought ironwork
The Diana-Sledge in the Stables Museum of Nymphenburg Palace, Munich
Completed: 1740
Technique(s): forging
Material(s): iron
Sculpture
The Diana-Sledge in the Stables Museum of Nymphenburg Palace, Munich
Author: Johann Baptist Straub (Wiesensteig ca. 1704 – Munich 1784)
Completed: 1740
Technique(s): wood carving
Material(s): wood
Polychromy
The Diana-Sledge in the Stables Museum of Nymphenburg Palace, Munich
Completed: 1740
Technique(s): oil, oil gilding

Comment

The sleigh was restored in the Stables Museum of the Bavarian Department of State-owned Palaces, Gardens and Lakes in 2014: fixing of the polychromy, removing of overpainting, cleaning and retouching.
During several renovations the original polychromy was almost totally reduced. Perhaps in the first polychromy the sleigh was painted in red and silver with a green drapery. The colour of the figures' clothes could be changed too.

Conservation-restoration

1828

Treatment Description

Gilding of the construction, blue painting layer and silver. Changes concerning the seats.

2014

Strategy: preserving one or several repolychromies, removing one or several historic repolychromies

Treatment Description

Fixing of the polychromy, removing of overpainting, cleaning and retouching.

Images

  1. The Diana-Sledge in the stables Museum of the Nymphenburg Palace., Munich, photo Jens Bruchhaus 09.2014

Catalogue entry prepared by Rupert Karbacher

Recommended citation: Rupert Karbacher, The Diana-Sledge in the Stables Museum of Nymphenburg Palace, Munich, in: TrArS – Tracing the Art of the Straub Family, 2018, (accessed 16/12/2018) URL

Sources and Bibliography

  1. Johann Caspar Lippert, Kurzgefaßte Nachricht von dem churbaierischen ersten Hofbildhauer Herrn Johannes Straub, in: Augsburgisches monatliches Kunstblatt. Kunstzeitung der kaiserlichen Akademie zu Augsburg, 1772, 53–64
  2. Carola Giedion-Welcker, Bayrische Rokokoplastik. J. B. Straub und seine Stellung in Landschaft und Zeit, Munich, Recht, 1922
  3. Heinrich Kreisel, Prunkwagen und Schlitten, Hiersemann (ed.), Leipzig, 1927
  4. Peter Volk, Johann Baptist Straub 1704–1784, München, Hirmer Verlag, 1984
  5. Elmar D. Schmid, Luisa Hager, Marstallmuseum. Schloss Nymphenburg in München. Hofwagenburg und Sattelkammer der bayerischen Herzöge, Kurfürsten und Könige, in: Bayerische Verwaltung der Staatlichen Schlösser, Gärten un Seen., München, 1995
  6. Roland Götz, Leib und Seele, catalogue for the exhibition in Kunsthalle der Hypo-Kulturstiftung, München, Sieveking, 2014

Notes

1 Johann Caspar Lippert 1772, p. 57

2 Peter Volk 1984, p. 197

3 Ariane Mensger 2014, p. 164