Artworks Catalogue

Polling Holy Cross view to the highaltar Bavarian State Department of Monuments and Sites photo Michael Forstner 07_2017
Polling Holy Cross the highaltar Bavarian State Department of Monuments and Sites photo Michael Forstner 07_2017
Polling Holy Cross tabernacle of the highaltar Bavarian State Department of Monuments and Sites photo Michael Forstner 07_2017
Polling Holy Cross St Henry tabernacle of the highaltar Bavarian State Department of Monuments and Sites photo Michael Forstner 07_2017
Polling Holy Cross St Kunigunde tabernacle of the highaltar Bavarian State Department of Monuments and Sites photo Michael Forstner 07_2017

Location

Germany, Bavaria, Polling

Parish church St Holy Cross (Pfarrkirche Heilig Kreuz)

Kath. Pfarramt Hl. Kreuz Polling

Artwork

Holy Cross the tabernacle and the decoration of the high altar of the Parish church in Polling

Type

High altar

Inscriptions

  1. IN NOMINE JESU (cartouche above cross)

Critical History

Lippert lists Straubs work in Polling with no. 58 but he only mentions the tabernacle with the 2 sculptures. 1 The highaltar and the 2 sidealtars were created in 1628 about 130 years before. Straub gives the highaltar and the 2 sidealtar a more modern view. He adds a representative tabernacle with 2 tall sculptures of St Henry and Kunigunde and the decorated frame for the roman cross a icon of grace that was venerated for many centuries. Following the legend St Kunigunde had found the Holy Cross while hunting in the forest. In 17th century the cross was integrated in the highaltar. Volk dates the work of Straub in 1763-64.

For the construction/completition of his work in situ Straub works for 8 days in Polling. Painter and gilder were Albert Wenzl, Polling and Michael Wittmer, Murnau.2

Construction / Execution

The center of the huge tabernacle is the relief in the niche above the doors of the tabernacle showing the last supper. Two angels holding candelabras are positioned on both sides of the relief . Left and right are kneeling two female sculptures which represent faith (left) and hope (right). Below on the front of the consoles are 2 reliefs showing two scenes: "Christ in Emmaus" and "Mannalese" of the life of Jesus Christ. On top of the tabernacle is kneeling an angel a putto is holding a basket with flaming hearts a symbol for love. The representative sculptures of the emperor St Henry (right) and his wife St Kunigunde (left) seem to praise the Lord. The Holy Cross is decorated with a baldachin and a curtain which is held by two puttos. The cartouche above the cross and the letters IHS were also added by Straub.

The materials used are sawed and carved wood, ground- and painting layers and gilding.

Components

Carpentry
Polling Holy Cross the tabernacle and the decoration of the highaltar
Completed: 1763 – 1764
Technique(s): sawed wood
Sculpture
Polling Holy Cross the tabernacle and the decoration of the highaltar
Author: Johann Baptist Straub (Wiesensteig ca. 1704 – Munich 1784)
Completed: 1763 – 1764
Technique(s): carved wood
Polychromy
Polling Holy Cross the tabernacle and the decoration of the highaltar
Completed: 1763 – 1764
Technique(s): polished white, water gilding

Images

  1. Polling Holy Cross view to the highaltar Bavarian State Department of Monuments and Sites photo Michael Forstner 07_2017
  2. Polling Holy Cross the highaltar Bavarian State Department of Monuments and Sites photo Michael Forstner 07_2017
  3. Polling Holy Cross tabernacle of the highaltar Bavarian State Department of Monuments and Sites photo Michael Forstner 07_2017
  4. Polling Holy Cross St Henry tabernacle of the highaltar Bavarian State Department of Monuments and Sites photo Michael Forstner 07_2017
  5. Polling Holy Cross St Kunigunde tabernacle of the highaltar Bavarian State Department of Monuments and Sites photo Michael Forstner 07_2017

Catalogue entry prepared by Rupert Karbacher

Recommended citation: Rupert Karbacher, Holy Cross the tabernacle and the decoration of the high altar of the Parish church in Polling, in: TrArS – Tracing the Art of the Straub Family, 2018, (accessed 25/05/2018) URL

Sources and Bibliography

  1. Johann Caspar Lippert, Kurzgefaßte Nachricht von dem churbaierischen ersten Hofbildhauer Herrn Johannes Straub, in: Augsburgisches monatliches Kunstblatt. Kunstzeitung der kaiserlichen Akademie zu Augsburg, 1772, 53–64
  2. Carola Giedion-Welcker, Bayerische Rokokoplastik, J. B. Straub und seine Stellung in Landschaft und Zeit, München, O. C. Recht Verlag, 1922, 22f.
  3. Norbert Lieb, Johann Baptist Straub, in: Allgemeines Lexikon der Bildenden Künstler von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart, 32, Ulrich Thieme, Felix Becker, Hans Vollmer (ed.), Leipzig , 1938, 162–167
  4. Peter Steiner, Johann Baptist Straub (Münchner kunsthistorische Abhandlungen, VI), München und Zürich, Verlag Schnell & Steiner, 1974
  5. Peter Volk, Johann Baptist Straub 1704–1784, München, Hirmer Verlag, 1984

Notes

1 Lippert 1772 p. 62

2 Volk 1984 p. 201